Pap smear research papers

Papanicolaou screening is feasible anywhere that cervical screening is appropriate and should be implemented without further delay in high-risk communities with access to curative treatment services.

Who should have a Pap smear. Writing an essay paper for college Writing an essay paper for college, data analysis and findings dissertation defense essay on gap year after high school kokoda film accuracy essays contraceptives in high schools essays on global warming aw starting words for essay undecylprodigiosin synthesis essay herodias flaubert analysis essay good college essays gmc, danksagung dissertation doktorarbeit mit my best friend essay point stefan ostrau dissertation proposal hse statistics research paper.

Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human papillomavirus HPV. Avoid intercourse, douching, or using any vaginal medicines or spermicidal foams, creams or jellies for two days before having a Pap smear, as these may wash away or obscure abnormal cells.

ASC-US means that the cells appear abnormal, but are not malignant. Cnr rao research paper. Geelong city obstetrics and gynaecology dissertations. The guidance makes it quite clear that at a minimum, The GP must inform the woman of the benefit she will get by submitting to the test.

This result means the cells collected for the Pap smear appear so abnormal that the pathologist is almost certain a cancer is present. Virginia woolf essays gutenberg project il essaye en anglais traduction.

Your heels rest in supports called stirrups. Archive About the Journal Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Normal results If only normal cervical cells were discovered during your Pap smear, you're said to have a negative result.

Therefore, endometrial cells on a Pap report might be indicative of an abnormal thickening of the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. Inserting the speculum may cause a sensation of pressure in your pelvic area. In some cases it will cause cervical cancer and other cancers.

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Many health care providers are under the false impression that only sterile water, or no lubricant at all, should be used to lubricate the speculum.

Avoid intercourse, douching, or using any vaginal medicines or spermicidal foams, creams or jellies for two days before having a Pap smear, as these may wash away or obscure abnormal cells. Atypical glandular cells may appear to be slightly abnormal, but it's unclear whether they're cancerous.

Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Cervical Cancer: The Bethesda System was the outcome of a National Cancer Institute workshop that was held in in an effort to standardize Pap smear reports.

We can do several things to lower the chances of getting HPV by regular screening for cervical cancer and by getting vaccination.

If you're sexually active with multiple partners, your doctor may recommend continuing Pap testing. Most STDs initially do not cause symptoms. Some other causes of CIN are poor diet, multiple sex partners, lack of condom use, and cigarette smoking.

A diagnosis of cervical cancer or a Pap smear that showed precancerous cells Exposure to diethylstilbestrol DES before birth HIV infection Weakened immune system due to organ transplant, chemotherapy or chronic corticosteroid use A history of smoking You and your doctor can discuss the benefits and risks of Pap smears and decide what's best for you based on your risk factors.

In some cases, the HPV test may be done instead of a Pap smear. People with underlying pain or tissue diseases that can react to nociceptors pain nerves being scraped or to excessive cold in the mucous membranes should take appropriate precautions and discuss the process ahead of time with their providers, in writing if necessary.

The sample is then usually screened by a specially trained and qualified cytotechnologist using a light microscope.

What a positive result means depends on the type of cells discovered in your test. What you can expect Female reproductive system Female reproductive system The ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina vaginal canal make up the female reproductive system. In certain situations a woman and her doctor may decide to end Pap testing, such as: Castro is a translational oncologist with experience developing and harnessing nanotechnology and molecular imaging platforms for cancer purposes.

Neiman Health Policy Institute study assesses the effect of receiving an Annual Wellness Visit between and on the annual rate of eight preventive services recommended for the Medicare population following the AWV.

After the Pap smear After your Pap smear, you can go about your day without restrictions. The Pap test, also called a Pap smear, checks for changes in the cells of your cervix.

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens into the vagina (birth canal). Introduction to the Pap smear test The Papanicolaou test is also called the Pap smear, Pap test, cervical smear, or smear test. It is a medical testing method.

Pap smear in pregnancy dissertation abstract

Aurel Babeş and /5(1). Pap Smear Research Study The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Liquid-based cytology versus conventional Pap smear Papers Cross sectional study of conventional cervical smear, monolayer cytology, and human papillomavirus DNA testing for cervical cancer screening.

Pap Smear. Papanicolaou (Pap) Smear elonghornsales.comal cancer is the third most common diagnosed cancer in women. It develops in the thin layer of cells called the epithelium, which covers the cervix.

Pap Smear News and Research

It begins slowly with precancerous abnormalities, and even if the cancer develops, it. Research Article Effectiveness of nursing interventions to increase pap smear test screening Hemsirelik Yuksek Okulu, /Etlik, Ankara, Turkey.

Search for more papers by this author. Lecturer. Aygul Akyuz, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey.

Pap smear research papers
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Women, Informed Consent and Cervical screening | The BMJ